Ancient Monuments

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Carlton Hall moated enclosure and associated outer enclosure, farm buildings, dovecote, and pond

A Scheduled Monument in Carlton and Chellington, Bedford

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Latitude: 52.1804 / 52°10'49"N

Longitude: -0.619 / 0°37'8"W

OS Eastings: 494522.174551

OS Northings: 254473.444414

OS Grid: SP945544

Mapcode National: GBR F02.6B9

Mapcode Global: VHFPZ.7G3B

Entry Name: Carlton Hall moated enclosure and associated outer enclosure, farm buildings, dovecote, and pond

Scheduled Date: 2 February 1948

Last Amended: 17 October 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012314

English Heritage Legacy ID: 11556

County: Bedford

Civil Parish: Carlton and Chellington

Traditional County: Bedfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Bedfordshire

Church of England Parish: Carlton with Chellington

Church of England Diocese: St.Albans


The monument includes the well-defined remains of a sub-circular
Medieval moated enclosure. The enclosure measures some 55m north-west to
south-east by 65m transversely inclusive of the 10m wide surrounding
moat. The southern half of the moat is surrounded by a 5m wide outer
bank. Remains of a stone revetment have been revealed by animal burrows
upon the moated island. In the centre of the island are the well-
preserved remains of a 16th-17th century stone-built dovecote. The
rectangular shaped dovecote measures some 10m by 6m with access doorways
to the west and east. The moat is partially surrounded by an outer
banked enclosure located immediately to the south and south-west. This
enclosure is defined by a 1m high 3m wide bank enclosed by a slight
outer ditch. The moated site and banked enclosure are thought to mark
the site of a park keeper's house dating to around 1312. Adjacent to the
north-west side of the moat are the levelled remains of farmbuildings
associated with Carlton Hall, a 16th century farmhouse which superseded
the moated site. Stone foundations have been recovered from this
adjacent levelled area, a terrace measuring some 30m by 10m, orientated
north-east to south-west. The exact site of Carlton Hall is unknown. A
stone-lined pond to the east of the modern Carlton Hall Farm is thought
to date to the Post Medieval Period of the monument. The pond measures
some 50m by 8m but was originally some 10m longer. The modern barns
adjacent to the site are excluded from the scheduling. The monument has
two separate protected areas.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Carlton Hall moated site includes a moat of unusual sub-circular form
and a diversity of important features illustrating the changing use of
the site over several centuries.

Source: Historic England


NMR MJ 19, (1971)
Simco, A., SMR Record, (1986)
Simco, A., SMR Record, (1986)
SMR Ref. 5, Taylor, C, Moat at Carlton Hall Farm, (1980)
Turvey, MA Book B 1786 Enclosure, (1786)

Source: Historic England

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