Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Ringwork and bailey at Coldred Court

A Scheduled Monument in Shepherdswell with Coldred, Kent

We don't have any photos of this monument yet. Why don't you be the first to send us one?

Upload Photo »

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.


Latitude: 51.1819 / 51°10'54"N

Longitude: 1.2529 / 1°15'10"E

OS Eastings: 627435.963232

OS Northings: 147546.151443

OS Grid: TR274475

Mapcode National: GBR W0S.ZHT

Mapcode Global: VHLH3.NKQB

Entry Name: Ringwork and bailey at Coldred Court

Scheduled Date: 17 November 1960

Last Amended: 2 August 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012260

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12845

County: Kent

Civil Parish: Shepherdswell with Coldred

Traditional County: Kent

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Kent


The monument includes the earthworks and interior area of an early Norman
ringwork, along with its bailey or outer ward. To the north-west of the
modern road that bisects the remains is the ringwork itself, defined on two-
thirds of its boundary by massive earthworks comprising a bank up to 2.5m in
height and a ditch on the outside as much as 2m deep. On this side of the
road a number of farm buildings, some medieval in date, have been
constructed over the position of the former earthworks. In this area would
have stood the main residential buildings, along with a chapel which has
continued in use as the parish church.
On the south-east side of the road is the bailey area in which ancillary
buildings such as stables, workshops and soldiers' accommodation would have
been sited. Here the bank attains maximum dimensions of 14m in width and
over 3m in height while the ditch reaches a maximum depth of nearly 4m.
Towards the road on the north-east side, the ditch has been partially
infilled by soil from the bank, but here a low outer bank is also visible.
In 1086 the manor of Coldred was in the hands of the powerful Odo, Bishop of
Bayeux and Earl of Kent, but he was dispossessed of it soon afterwards
having been disgraced for raising an unauthorised army for a foreign
Within the protected area are two excluded areas, one a chalk quarry, as
defined by the quarry fences, and the other the church of St Pancras and
churchyard as defined by the churchyard fence.
Within the rest of the area all of the modern buildings and their service
trenches, the fences and the surface of the road are excluded from the
scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Ringworks are medieval fortifications built and occupied from the late
Anglo-Saxon period to the later 12th century. They comprised a small defended
area containing buildings which was surrounded or partly surrounded by a
substantial ditch and a bank surmounted by a timber palisade or, rarely, a
stone wall. Occasionally a more lightly defended embanked enclosure, the
bailey, adjoined the ringwork. Ringworks acted as strongholds for military
operations and in some cases as defended aristocratic or manorial settlements.
They are rare nationally with only 200 recorded examples and less than 60
with baileys. As such, and as one of a limited number and very restricted
range of Anglo-Saxon and Norman fortifications, ringworks are of particular
significance to our understanding of the period.

The example at Coldred, despite having been partially destroyed by
quarrying, survives well and is visually a very impressive monument. Its
historical association with Odo, Bishop of Bayeux, Earl of Kent and half-
brother to William the Conqueror adds to its importance. The survival of the
chapel associated with the ringwork, albeit with structural alterations,
also adds to the importance of the monument of which it was an integral

Source: Historic England


TR 24 NE,

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself. is a Good Stuff website.