Ancient Monuments

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Round cairn 1.58km WNW of Tresellern Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Altarnun, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5657 / 50°33'56"N

Longitude: -4.514 / 4°30'50"W

OS Eastings: 222050.845606

OS Northings: 77009.73284

OS Grid: SX220770

Mapcode National: GBR NC.FQBM

Mapcode Global: FRA 17FK.WR8

Entry Name: Round cairn 1.58km WNW of Tresellern Farm

Scheduled Date: 17 February 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012215

English Heritage Legacy ID: 15189

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Altarnun

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Altarnon with Bolventor

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument includes a Prehistoric round cairn situated on the crest of a
broad ridge in the southern part of East Moor on eastern Bodmin Moor. The
cairn forms one of a dispersed group of broadly contemporary funerary and
ceremonial monuments on East Moor.
The cairn survives as a turf-covered circular mound of heaped rubble, 6.6m in
diameter and 0.7m high, rising above the surrounding peaty turf and clearly
visible due to the thinner vegetation covering its rubble content. The
location of the cairn on the crest renders it visible for a considerable
distance across the moor from the east.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the
best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes
of Prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for
human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest Prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial
remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern
of land use through time.

Round cairns are funerary monuments covering single or multiple burials and
dating to the Bronze Age (c 2000 - 700 BC). They were constructed as mounds
of earth and stone rubble up to 40m in external diameter but usually
considerably smaller; a kerb of edge-set stones sometimes bounds the edges of
the mound. Burials were placed in small pits, or on occasion within a
box-like structure of stone slabs called a cist, let into the old ground
surface or dug into the body of the cairn. Round cairns can occur as isolated
monuments, in small groups or in larger cemeteries. Their considerable
variation in form and longevity as a monument type provides important
information on the diversity of beliefs, burial practices and social
organisation in the Bronze Age. They are particularly representative of their
period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of preservation.

This round cairn on East Moor has survived well with no visible or recorded
evidence for any previous disturbance. The high altitude, skyline setting of
this cairn and its presence among a broadly contemporary grouping of funerary
and ceremonial monuments on East Moor demonstrates well the nature and
distribution of ritual activities during the Bronze Age.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
consulted 1992, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcriptions for SX 2277; SX 2278; SX 2377; SX 2378,
consulted 3/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1088,
consulted 3/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1089,
consulted 3/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1090,
consulted 3/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1101,

Source: Historic England

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