Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 200m from Stone Street, one of six in West Wood

A Scheduled Monument in Lyminge, Kent

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1467 / 51°8'48"N

Longitude: 1.0533 / 1°3'11"E

OS Eastings: 613654.520014

OS Northings: 143039.557764

OS Grid: TR136430

Mapcode National: GBR TZS.33H

Mapcode Global: VHLH6.6FQS

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 200m from Stone Street, one of six in West Wood

Scheduled Date: 15 January 1975

Last Amended: 4 January 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012206

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12814

County: Kent

Civil Parish: Lyminge

Traditional County: Kent

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Kent

Details

This example lies 120m east of its nearest neighbour on the western side of
West Wood, 200m from Stone Street. The monument includes a bowl barrow which
comprises an earthen mound and an encircling ditch. The mound measures 22m in
diameter and survives to an impressive height averaging 2.2m above the level
of the surrounding, slightly sloping, land.
The surrounding ditch, which is most easily visible on the western side,
occupies the area within 5m of the foot of the mound. It was dug to provide
the earth and flint rubble for the construction of the mound.
The mound and ditch together have a diameter of 32m.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The barrow 200m from Stone Street is the best surviving example of the group
in West Wood, exhibiting both a prominent mound and a clearly visible ditch.
As the most intact of the group, it holds considerable archaeological
potential for the recovery of evidence of the manner and duration of its use,
as well as of the environment in which it was constructed. The group of which
the barrow is a member illustrates the importance of the locality for burials
in the Bronze Age.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Spurrell, F, 'Arch Journal' in Arch Journal, , Vol. 40, (1883), 292
Other
Darvill, T, Monument Class Description - Bowl barrows, 1988,

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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