Ancient Monuments

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Long barrow in Round Clump

A Scheduled Monument in Odstock, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.0035 / 51°0'12"N

Longitude: -1.8408 / 1°50'26"W

OS Eastings: 411264.764982

OS Northings: 122696.023476

OS Grid: SU112226

Mapcode National: GBR 40T.3D3

Mapcode Global: FRA 761G.DP2

Entry Name: Long barrow in Round Clump

Scheduled Date: 25 July 1978

Last Amended: 11 October 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012189

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12113

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Odstock

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Whitsbury St Leonard

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a well-preserved long barrow, surviving as an
earthwork within Round Clump plantation. It is set on a gently sloping
spur and is orientated SE-NW. The barrow mound is roughly rectangular
in plan and survives to a length of 44m along its level top, and 72m
in length overall.
The mound is 32.5m wide and stands to a height of 3.4m above
surrounding ground. A quarry ditch encircles the mound on all but its
SE side. This averages between 8.5m wide at the NW end and 12m wide on
the NE and SW sides. It survives to a depth of 1.6m.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with
flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the early
neolithic period (3000-2400bc). They represent the burial places of
Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the
oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the landscape. Where
investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal
burial, often with only partial human remains selected for interment.
Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument
preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long
barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a
considerable period of time. Some 500 long barrows are recorded in
England.
As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as
earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable
age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows, unless
very severely damaged, are considered to be nationally important. The
180 long barrows of Hampshire, Wiltshire and Dorset form the densest
and one of the most important concentrations of monuments of this type
in the country. This example is regarded as important as it survives
well and, with no evidence of formal excavation, the site has
considerable archaeological potential.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Smith, I F , Long Barrows in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, (1979), 58-9

Source: Historic England

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