Ancient Monuments

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Two bowl barrows 300m north of The Packway

A Scheduled Monument in Shrewton, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.2037 / 51°12'13"N

Longitude: -1.8559 / 1°51'21"W

OS Eastings: 410160.058881

OS Northings: 144953.376563

OS Grid: SU101449

Mapcode National: GBR 3Y8.KL0

Mapcode Global: VHB59.S06K

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows 300m north of The Packway

Scheduled Date: 24 March 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012166

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10232

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Shrewton

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Salisbury Plain

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes two confluent bowl barrows aligned north east - south
west and situated 300m north of the Packway and 300m east of Rollestone Bake
Farm buildings. The barrows are now difficult to identify on the ground being
in an area of linear earthworks representing past military activity, but from
aerial photographs and their representation on the County Series Ordnance
Survey 6" map of 1887, can be shown to have diameters of c.22m for the
southern barrow mound and c.25m for the northern barrow mound. Surrounding
each mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during construction of
the monument. These survive as buried features, c.2m wide in the case of the
southern barrow giving an overall diameter of c.26m, and 2.5m wide in the case
of the northern barrow giving an overall diameter of c.30m.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for
ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods.
Two of the best known and earliest recognised areas are around Avebury and
Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site.
The area of chalk downland which surrounds Stonehenge contains one of the
densest and most varied groups of Neolithic and Bronze Age field monuments in
Britain. Included within the area are Stonehenge itself, the Stonehenge
cursus, the Durrington Walls henge, and a variety of burial monuments, many
grouped into cemeteries.
The area has been the subject of archaeological research since the 18th
century when Stukeley recorded many of the monuments and partially excavated a
number of the burial mounds. More recently, the collection of artefacts from
the surfaces of ploughed fields has supplemented the evidence for ritual and
burial by revealing the intensity of contemporary settlement and land-use.
In view of the importance of the area, all ceremonial and sepulchral monuments
of this period which retain significant archaeological remains are identified
as nationally important. Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round
barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the
Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, normally ditched, which
covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped
as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a variety of burial practices. There are over
10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally and at least 320 in the
Stonehenge area. This group of monuments will provide important information
on the development of this area during the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age
periods.

Despite disturbance caused by military activity, the two bowl barrows 300m
north of the Packway will contain archaeological remains and environmental
evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was
constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 190
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 190

Source: Historic England

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