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Stratton Park moated enclosure and associated manorial earthworks

A Scheduled Monument in Biggleswade, Central Bedfordshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.0797 / 52°4'47"N

Longitude: -0.2378 / 0°14'16"W

OS Eastings: 520853.318675

OS Northings: 243839.162071

OS Grid: TL208438

Mapcode National: GBR J5Q.DPX

Mapcode Global: VHGN0.TZMK

Entry Name: Stratton Park moated enclosure and associated manorial earthworks

Scheduled Date: 31 August 1950

Last Amended: 11 July 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012161

English Heritage Legacy ID: 11541

County: Central Bedfordshire

Civil Parish: Biggleswade

Built-Up Area: Biggleswade

Traditional County: Bedfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Bedfordshire

Church of England Parish: Biggleswade

Church of England Diocese: St.Albans

Details

The monument includes the remains of a medieval moated enclosure and
adjacent manorial complex. The almost square moated site measures 84m across
and is surrounded by a 13m wide moat which is about 1.5m deep and partially
water-filled. Part of an outer bank can be seen along the northern arm of
the moat. Entrance to the interior is on the south side across a 2m wide
causeway. The flat island is slightly raised above the surrounding land.
There are no visible remains of internal buildings or features.
The moat is identified with the original medieval manor of Stratton, but
was replaced as the main residence when the lord of the manor moved to
nearby Stratton Park House in the 16th century.
Adjacent to the east side of the moat are the remains of a complex network
of hollow-ways, fields and platforms. These survive as well-defined
earthworks, often up to 1m. in height and are interpreted as the sites of
contemporary manorial out-works comprising of horticultural plots and out-
house buildings associated with the moated site.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings or, in
some cases, which were used for horticulture. The peak period during which
moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the
greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England.
However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely
scattered throughout England, and exhibit a high level of diversity in their
forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are
important for understanding the distribution of wealth and status in the
countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of
organic remains.
This site includes a fine example of a Bedfordshire moated enclosure,
importantly associated with the well-preserved remains of contemporary
manorial out-works and building platforms.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Simco, A, Stratton, Biggleswade, (1986)
Other
P.A.S., Ordnance Survey Records (1972), (1972)

Source: Historic England

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