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Moated site, fishpond and connnecting channel, Elton

A Scheduled Monument in Elton, Cheshire West and Chester

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.2676 / 53°16'3"N

Longitude: -2.818 / 2°49'4"W

OS Eastings: 345535.863666

OS Northings: 374822.212308

OS Grid: SJ455748

Mapcode National: GBR 8ZRN.PC

Mapcode Global: WH882.P48B

Entry Name: Moated site, fishpond and connnecting channel, Elton

Scheduled Date: 6 October 1978

Last Amended: 22 May 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012122

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13436

County: Cheshire West and Chester

Civil Parish: Elton

Built-Up Area: Elton

Traditional County: Cheshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cheshire

Church of England Parish: Thornton-le-Moors with Ince and Elton

Church of England Diocese: Chester

Details

The monument at Elton comprises a moated site possessing a causeway and
outer banks with an adjoining fishpond and connecting channel.
The moated site at Elton consists of a slightly raised island c.30m square
from which some stone foundations have in the past been removed. The island
is surrounded on all sides by a moat c.12m wide x 1.7m max. depth. The W arm
is marshy but elsewhere the moat is dry. A causeway gives access to the
island across the N arm of the moat and wide outer banks exist on the N and
S sides of the moat. A short distance to the N is a waterlogged/silted
fishpond linked to the NW corner of the moat by a channel now utilised by a
modern field drain.
Most moats were constructed between 1250-1350 and are generally seen as the
prestigious residences of the Lords of the manor. The moat in such
circumstances marked the high status of the occupier and also served to
deter casual raiders and wild animals.
The hedged field boundary at the W of the monument is excluded from the
scheduling, however, the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site at Elton contains a diversity of component parts and survives
in a relatively undamaged condition, virtually untouched by modern
development. The site retains considerable archaeological potential for the
recovery of evidence of the building that originally occupied the island.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Capstick, B., FMW Report, (1987)
Cheshire SMR, No. 1986,
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Moats, (1988)
Dennison, E., MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Fishponds, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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