Ancient Monuments

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Moated site at Bickerstaffe Hall.

A Scheduled Monument in Bickerstaffe, Lancashire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.5294 / 53°31'45"N

Longitude: -2.841 / 2°50'27"W

OS Eastings: 344348.510455

OS Northings: 403968.151089

OS Grid: SD443039

Mapcode National: GBR 8WLM.QJ

Mapcode Global: WH86Q.BKD4

Entry Name: Moated site at Bickerstaffe Hall.

Scheduled Date: 12 November 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011999

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13476

County: Lancashire

Civil Parish: Bickerstaffe

Traditional County: Lancashire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Lancashire

Church of England Parish: Bickerstaffe Holy Trinity

Church of England Diocese: Liverpool

Details

The monument is the moated site of the original Bickerstaffe Hall. The site
lies some 70m SW of the present Bickerstaffe Hall and includes a slightly
raised trapezoidal grassy island with maximum dimensions c.68m x 68m.
Surrounding the island is a moat possessing dry N and S arms c.3m wide x 0.4m
maximum depth, a dry E arm partly overlain by the driveway to Bickerstaffe
Hall, and a substantial partly waterlogged W arm c.6m wide x 1.3m deep lying
within Little Wood. An outlet channel issues from the SW corner of the moat.
The monument remains unploughed and substantial pieces of dressed stone litter
the field to the N.
All fences and hedges are excluded from the scheduling, however, the ground
beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site at Bickerstaffe Hall is unencumbered by modern development and
will retain considerable archaeological evidence of the original hall which
occupied the site. Additionally the waterlogged part of the moat will
preserve organic material

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Moats, (1988)
To Robinson, K D MPPFW, Rimmer, (tenant farmer), (1990)
West Lancs Arch Soc Rep on Moat Sites, Coney, A, Bickerstaffe, near Bickerstaffe hall, (1987)

Source: Historic England

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