Ancient Monuments

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Deepdale cross ridge dyke

A Scheduled Monument in Warter, East Riding of Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.9517 / 53°57'6"N

Longitude: -0.716 / 0°42'57"W

OS Eastings: 484359.370151

OS Northings: 451383.087856

OS Grid: SE843513

Mapcode National: GBR RQFR.S5

Mapcode Global: WHFC8.ZX6Y

Entry Name: Deepdale cross ridge dyke

Scheduled Date: 23 January 1968

Last Amended: 17 February 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011913

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21135

County: East Riding of Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Warter

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Riding of Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Nunburnholme St James

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a Prehistoric cross dyke on the Yorkshire Wolds. The
dyke runs from east to west from Deepdale toward Warrendale. The monument is
330m in length and has an overall width of 30m. It includes a complex of
three banks and three ditches. The central linear bank is 1m high and 12m in
breadth and has a ditch 4m wide and 1m deep on either side. These ditches are
also bounded to north and south by slighter banks each 0.6m high and 5m wide.
One further slight ditch is also visible to the south of the southern outer
bank. It is 0.3m high and 3m in breadth. For most of its length the dyke
runs east to west although it turns to the south east at its eastern end. At
its western end the dyke is bounded by a modern road, there is no visible
evidence that the monument ever continued westward beyond this point.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Cross-dykes are substantial linear earthworks typically between 0.2km and 1km
long and comprising one or more ditches arranged beside and parallel to one or
more banks. They generally occur in upland situations, running across ridges
and spurs. They are recognised as earthworks or as cropmarks on aerial
photographs, or as combinations of both. The evidence of excavation and
analogy with associated monuments demonstrates that their construction spans
the millennium from the Middle Bronze Age, although they may have been re-used
later. Current information favours the view that they were used as territorial
boundary markers, probably demarcating land allotment within communities,
although they may also have been used as trackways, cattle droveways or
defensive earthworks. Cross-dykes are one of the few monument types which
illustrate how land was divided up in the prehistoric period. They are of
considerable importance for any analysis of settlement and land use in the
Bronze Age. Very few have survived to the present day and hence all well-
preserved examples are considered to be of national importance.

This section of cross dyke survives well. It will retain significant
information relating to the manner and duration of its usage, and, together
with other similar dykes in the vicinity, will provide an insight into
Prehistoric land division in the area.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
4581, Humberside SMR 4581,

Source: Historic England

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