Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Hlaew in Juniper Wood

A Scheduled Monument in Wye with Hinxhill, Kent

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Latitude: 51.1849 / 51°11'5"N

Longitude: 0.9596 / 0°57'34"E

OS Eastings: 606926.497448

OS Northings: 147020.011987

OS Grid: TR069470

Mapcode National: GBR SXR.PDD

Mapcode Global: VHKKH.LG4Z

Entry Name: Hlaew in Juniper Wood

Scheduled Date: 6 June 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011764

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25465

County: Kent

Civil Parish: Wye with Hinxhill

Traditional County: Kent

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Kent


The monument includes a hlaew, or early medieval burial mound, situated on a
spur projecting from a ridge of the Kent Downs, overlooking the valley of the
Great Stour River.
The hlaew has a circular, bowl-shaped mound 12.5m in diameter and c.2m high,
with a central hollow, the result of partial excavation in 1939. The mound is
surrounded by a ditch from which material used to construct the hlaew was
excavated. This has become infilled over the years, and survives as a buried
feature c.2m wide.
The partial excavation of the monument revealed that the mound had been
constructed above a roughly rectangular grave measuring 2.74m by 1.22m, which
had been dug to a depth of 0.76m into the underlying chalk bedrock. The grave
was found to contain the surviving fragments of a subsequently disturbed,
extended human burial.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A hlaew is a burial monument of Anglo-Saxon or Viking date and comprising a
hemispherical mound of earth and redeposited bedrock constructed over a
primary burial or burials. These were usually inhumations, buried in a grave
cut into the subsoil beneath the mound, but cremations placed on the old
ground surface beneath the mound have also been found. Hlaews may occur
in pairs or in small groups; a few have accompanying flat graves. Constructed
during the pagan Saxon and Viking periods for individuals of high rank, they
served as visible and ostentatious markers of their social position. Some
were associated with territorial claims and appear to have been specifically
located to mark boundaries. They often contain objects which give information
on the range of technological skill and trading contacts of the period. Only
between 50 and 60 hlaews have been positively identified in England. As a
rare monument class all positively identified examples are considered worthy
of preservation.

Despite some disturbance by tree growth, the hlaew in Juniper Wood survives
well and has been shown by partial excavation to contain archaeological
remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape
in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Ackroyd, L, Bellhouse, R, Jessup, R, 'Archaeologia Cantiana' in A Round Barrow on Wye Downs, , Vol. 51, (1939), 215-217

Source: Historic England

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