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Two bowl barrows 700m south east of Kingston Russell Farm, part of the Black Down round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Winterbourne Abbas, Dorset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.7151 / 50°42'54"N

Longitude: -2.5873 / 2°35'14"W

OS Eastings: 358630.453927

OS Northings: 90768.940656

OS Grid: SY586907

Mapcode National: GBR PT.PH9C

Mapcode Global: FRA 57G6.3TL

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows 700m south east of Kingston Russell Farm, part of the Black Down round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 31 October 1957

Last Amended: 27 June 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011698

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22937

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Winterbourne Abbas

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: Long Bredy St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes two bowl barrows forming part of a round barrow
cemetery on Black Down, a gentle, north facing slope overlooking the South
Winterbourne valley, in an area of the South Dorset Downs.
The two barrows, which are aligned broadly north-south, were recorded by L V
Grinsell in 1959. The southern example had a mound 8m wide and c.1.5m high,
and the northern barrow had a mound 8m wide and c.0.6m high.
Both mounds have since been reduced by ploughing, although in each case
survive as buried features. The two mounds are each surrounded by a ditch
from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument.
These are no longer visible at ground level as they have become infilled over
the years, but both will survive as buried features c.2m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Despite ploughing, the two bowl barrows 700m south east of Kingston Russell
Farm will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the
monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Procs Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Soc.' in Dorset Barrows, (1959), 116

Source: Historic England

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