Ancient Monuments

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Acklam Wold barrow group: a bowl barrow 450m south-west of Acklam Wold House

A Scheduled Monument in Acklam, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.0464 / 54°2'47"N

Longitude: -0.7866 / 0°47'11"W

OS Eastings: 479546.596481

OS Northings: 461842.436436

OS Grid: SE795618

Mapcode National: GBR QPYN.H6

Mapcode Global: WHFBV.WKL9

Entry Name: Acklam Wold barrow group: a bowl barrow 450m south-west of Acklam Wold House

Scheduled Date: 30 October 1967

Last Amended: 13 August 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011573

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20555

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Acklam

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: West Buckrose

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow which is one of a number of barrows
situated on the crest of Acklam Wold. This particular barrow is the
easternmost of two barrows which lie to the south of a ploughed-out cross-
dyke, a later prehistoric boundary feature which originally sub-divided the
southern end of Acklam Wold.
Although altered by agricultural activity, the barrow is still visible as a
mound 1m high and 30m diameter. A ditch 22m in diameter surrounds the mound
and, although it has become buried by the gradual spreading of the mound, this
ditch has been identified on aerial photographs. The barrow was recorded and
partially excavated by J R Mortimer in 1878 and possibly by the York
Antiquarian Club. Mortimer recorded a single adult burial in a 0.75m deep
grave.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Although this barrow has been partially altered by agricultural activity, it
is still visible as a slight earthwork and was also comparatively well-
documented during a campaign of fieldwork in the 19th century. Further
evidence of the structure of the mound, the surrounding ditch and the burials
will survive.
The monument is one of a closely associated group of barrows which have
further associations with broadly contemporary boundary earthworks in the
vicinity of Acklam Wold. Similar groups of monuments are also known from other
parts of the Wolds and from the southern edge of the North York Moors. Such
associations between monuments offer important scope for the study of the
division of land for social, ritual and agricultural purposes in different
geographical areas during the prehistoric periods.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Mortimer, J R , Forty Years Researches in British and Saxon Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 92-3
Other
Stoertz, K, (1992)

Source: Historic England

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