Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Group of three bowl barrows and one long barrow 90m northeast of Barrow House Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Chewton Mendip, Somerset

We don't have any photos of this monument yet. Why don't you be the first to send us one?

Upload Photo »

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 51.2777 / 51°16'39"N

Longitude: -2.5734 / 2°34'24"W

OS Eastings: 360098.741062

OS Northings: 153324.097605

OS Grid: ST600533

Mapcode National: GBR JR.ZPF3

Mapcode Global: VH89M.B4WW

Entry Name: Group of three bowl barrows and one long barrow 90m northeast of Barrow House Farm

Scheduled Date: 9 October 1981

Last Amended: 11 August 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011528

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13927

County: Somerset

Civil Parish: Chewton Mendip

Traditional County: Somerset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Somerset

Details

The monument includes three bowl barrows and one long barrow located in
improved grassland 90m northeast of Barrow House Farm. From west to east the
barrows can be described as follows:
[ST60075334] Bowl barrow visible as a barrow mound 18m in diameter and c.1m
high at its highest point. Although no longer visible at ground level, a
ditch, from which material was quarried during the construction of the
monument, surrounds the barrow mound. This has become infilled over the years
but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide.
[ST60095334] Long barrow orientated east to west visible as a mound 34m long,
18m wide and c.3.75m high at its highest point. A hollow on the north side of
the barrow mound may be due to a previous partial excavation although no
details are known. Although no longer visible at ground level, a pair of
ditches c.3m wide survive as buried features flanking the barrow mound on the
north and south sides.
[ST60135331] Bowl barrow visible as a mound 22m in diameter and c.2.5m high
at its highest point. A quarry ditch survives as a buried feature c.3m wide
surrounding the barrow mound.
[ST60115329] Bowl barrow visible as a mound 24m in diameter and c.2m high at
its highest point. A quarry ditch survives as a buried feature c.3m wide on
the northwest, northeast and southwest sides of the barrow mound. On the
southeast side the ditch has been removed by road construction and is not
included in the scheduling.
A drystone wall which surrounds the southernmost barrow on the northwest,
southwest and southeast sides is excluded from the scheduling although the
ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long
barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic
structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their
considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are
considered to be nationally important.

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.
The group of three bowl barrows and one long barrow 90m northeast of Barrow
House Farm survive comparatively well, despite an area of localised
disturbance on the northern side of the long barrow.
They form an important group and survive in an area which contains a
concentration of contemporary burial monuments, thus giving an indication of
the nature and scale of human occupation during the Neolithic and Bronze Age
periods.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, LV, Prehistoric Sites of Mendip, (1966), p. 11
Grinsell, L, 'Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeology and Natural Hist Soc' in Somerset Barrows Part II, (1971), p. 84
Grinsell, L, 'Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeology and Natural Hist Soc' in Somerset Barrows Part II, (1971), p. 101
Other
mss AM 33726 folio 141 (02.06.1832), Skinner, BM, (1816)
mss BM 33653 folio 229 (11.08.1819), Skinner, BM, (1816)
mss BM 33726 folio 137-9 (2.06.1832), Skinner, BM, (1816)
SO 140, Porter, D K, (1991)
ST 65 SW 25, Ordnance Survey, ST 65 SW 25, (1960)

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.