Ancient Monuments

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Moated site 400m south-east of Shortgrove Hall

A Scheduled Monument in Newport, Essex

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Latitude: 51.9933 / 51°59'35"N

Longitude: 0.2282 / 0°13'41"E

OS Eastings: 553082.682695

OS Northings: 235104.668233

OS Grid: TL530351

Mapcode National: GBR MC8.Y8Z

Mapcode Global: VHHL9.X508

Entry Name: Moated site 400m south-east of Shortgrove Hall

Scheduled Date: 30 September 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011474

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20729

County: Essex

Civil Parish: Newport

Traditional County: Essex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Essex

Church of England Parish: Newport St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Chelmsford


The monument 400m south-east of Shortgrove Hall includes a sub-rectangular
moated site situated on the top of a hill overlooking the River Cam, 1.5km
north-east of Newport church. The moated site measures 75m north-south by 60m
east-west. The arms are seasonally waterlogged from land drainage and are an
average of 10m wide and 1.5m deep. A causeway, 12m wide, gives access to the
island across the southern end of the eastern arm. During recent dredging of
the southern moat arm, medieval tile and pottery were recovered.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site 400m south-east of Shortgrove Hall is well preserved and will
retain archaeological information pertaining to the occupation of the site.
Despite some recent dredging, the ditches will also retain environmental
evidence relating to the economy of its inhabitants and the landscape in which
they lived.

Source: Historic England

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