Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Callow Hall moated site

A Scheduled Monument in Callow, Derbyshire

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Latitude: 53.0629 / 53°3'46"N

Longitude: -1.6006 / 1°36'2"W

OS Eastings: 426862.639137

OS Northings: 351809.846802

OS Grid: SK268518

Mapcode National: GBR 59M.XVY

Mapcode Global: WHCF1.D81S

Entry Name: Callow Hall moated site

Scheduled Date: 29 March 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011437

English Heritage Legacy ID: 23303

County: Derbyshire

Civil Parish: Callow

Traditional County: Derbyshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Derbyshire

Church of England Parish: Wirksworth St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Derby


The monument is a moated site comprising a square platform, measuring c.60m
along each side, surrounded on three sides by a 15m wide moat and, on the
fourth side, by a 2m high scarp. On the east side the moat has largely been
filled in but survives as a buried feature beneath the surface of the modern
farmyard. On the north side it has become silted up and is visible to a depth
of c.1m. On the west side, it survives to its original depth of 4m at the
north-west corner of the monument then levels out gradually to the south.
Incorporated into the 19th century farmhouse, which is a Grade II* Listed
Building, is one wall of the earlier 17th century house and the undercroft of
the 13th century hall. The remains of additional domestic and ancillary
buildings will survive as buried features throughout the remainder of the
moated platform and also outside the north-west corner of the moat where a
rectangular mound is interpreted as the site of a tower.
Excluded from the scheduling are all modern boundary walls and outbuildings, a
pigeon loft, the surface of the drive and farmyard and the farmhouse itself
which is considered to be adequately protected by its Listed status, but the
ground beneath these features is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Callow Hall moated site is a very well preserved example of a large manorial
moat retaining standing remains of medieval and post-medieval buildings.
Despite continuous occupation to the present day, it has suffered very little
disturbance and the buried remains of buildings and other features from all
phases of occupation will survive throughout the monument.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
The Victoria History of the County of Derby: Volume I, (1905)
Craven, M, Drage, C, Derbyshire Moated Homesteads
Pevsner, N, Williamson, E, The Buildings of England: Derbyshire, (1978)

Source: Historic England

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