Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Three round cairns 420m south-west of White Hill summit, forming part of White Hill round cairn cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Lydford, Devon

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 50.6341 / 50°38'2"N

Longitude: -4.0799 / 4°4'47"W

OS Eastings: 253006.138034

OS Northings: 83659.153678

OS Grid: SX530836

Mapcode National: GBR NZ.9FVC

Mapcode Global: FRA 27BD.JB1

Entry Name: Three round cairns 420m south-west of White Hill summit, forming part of White Hill round cairn cemetery

Scheduled Date: 23 July 1963

Last Amended: 29 September 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011433

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20349

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Lydford

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Details

This monument includes three closely spaced round cairns situated on a gentle
west-facing slope overlooking Willsworthy Army Camp. The northern cairn mound
is flat topped and measures 13m in diameter and stands up to 0.8m high. A
shallow trench extending from south-west to north-east through the centre of
the mound is probably the result of a partial excavation by Baring Gould in
1888. This work revealed a pan or basin containing ashes and charcoal. The
southern mound measures 4.5m in diameter and stands up to 0.3m high. The
eastern mound has seen limited damage and measures 11m long by 4m wide and
stands up to 0.25m high.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary
monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain
where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may
cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer
ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in
the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a
monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and
social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one
of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south-
western Britain.

Despite evidence for partial excavation of the northern cairn, the three round
cairns 420m south-west of White Hill summit survive comparatively well and
form part of the White Hill round cairn cemetery which includes three ring
cairns and nine round cairns.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Baring Gould, S, 'Devonshire Association Transactions' in Tenth Report of the Barrow Committee, , Vol. 20, (1888), 47-8
Grinsell, L V, 'Devon Archaeological Society Proceedings' in Dartmoor Barrows, , Vol. 36, (1978), 159
Other
Devon County SMR, SX58SW003-06, (1985)
Devon County SMR, SX58SW99, (1982)
NAR, SX58SW4F,

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.