Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn on Holystone Common, part of round cairn cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Harbottle, Northumberland

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Latitude: 55.3106 / 55°18'38"N

Longitude: -2.0785 / 2°4'42"W

OS Eastings: 395113.332091

OS Northings: 601842.163925

OS Grid: NT951018

Mapcode National: GBR F7X1.T3

Mapcode Global: WHB0N.1SH5

Entry Name: Round cairn on Holystone Common, part of round cairn cemetery

Scheduled Date: 25 January 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011402

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20963

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Harbottle

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Upper Coquetdale

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle


The monument includes a cairn of Bronze Age date situated on Holystone Common.
The heather-covered cairn is 8m in diameter and 1m high. A hollow is visible
at its centre, the result of partial excavation in the nineteenth century. The
location of the cairn suggests that it is associated with the adjacent round
cairn cemetery.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Although this cairn has been subject to partial exavation in the past, the
extent of disturbance is limited and its archaeological deposits survive well.
It is one of a group of cairns on Holystone Common which will contribute
to any study of prehistoric settlement and activity in the area.

Source: Historic England



Source: Historic England

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