Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn, 530m west of Holystone Grange

A Scheduled Monument in Harbottle, Northumberland

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Latitude: 55.2976 / 55°17'51"N

Longitude: -2.063 / 2°3'46"W

OS Eastings: 396096.173086

OS Northings: 600387.202921

OS Grid: NT960003

Mapcode National: GBR G715.5S

Mapcode Global: WHB0V.83VM

Entry Name: Round cairn, 530m west of Holystone Grange

Scheduled Date: 25 January 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011398

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20955

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Harbottle

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Upper Coquetdale

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle


The monument includes a cairn of Bronze Age date situated at the eastern end
of a low ridge in an area of open moorland. The cairn is 9m in diameter and
0.5m high. The earth and stone mound has a circular hollow 3.5m in diameter at
its centre, the result of partial excavation in the nineteenth century by
Canon Greenwell. The cairn was opened in 1870 when it is reported that Bronze
Age pots and several unspecified items were discovered.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Although the cairn 530m west of Holystone Grange has been subject to partial
exavation in the past, the extent of disturbance is limited and archaeological
deposits survive well. Evidence of the manner of construction and the nature
and duration of use will be preserved within and beneath the mound.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Tomlinson, W W, Comprehensive Guide to Northumberland, (1916), 345
No. 648,

Source: Historic England

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