Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Two bowl barrows in Square Plantation

A Scheduled Monument in Aldringham cum Thorpe, Suffolk

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Latitude: 52.1878 / 52°11'16"N

Longitude: 1.5888 / 1°35'19"E

OS Eastings: 645406.702669

OS Northings: 260469.98811

OS Grid: TM454604

Mapcode National: GBR YZB.SMJ

Mapcode Global: VHM7X.H89N

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows in Square Plantation

Scheduled Date: 24 April 1951

Last Amended: 15 September 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011376

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21276

County: Suffolk

Civil Parish: Aldringham cum Thorpe

Traditional County: Suffolk

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Suffolk

Church of England Parish: Aldringham with Thorpe St Andrew

Church of England Diocese: St.Edmundsbury and Ipswich


The monument includes two bowl barrows in north-south alignment, situated on
level ground north of the Hundred River and visible as earthen mounds. The
southern mound stands to a height of 1.3m and covers a circular area with a
maximum diameter of 22m; the second mound, c.44m to the north of this,
measures c.1m in height and 23m in diameter.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The two bowl barrows in Square Plantation survive well and appear to have
suffered no damage other than disturbance caused by fallen trees and animal
burrowing. Evidence concerning their construction, the manner and duration of
their use, and also the local environment, at and prior to the time of their
construction, will be preserved in the barrow mounds and in the soils
preserved beneath them. The importance of the individual barrows is enhanced
by their proximity to each other and by the fact that they are within a group
of five which has been preserved in the vicinity, the others being situated
respectively 900m to the north-east and 760m to the north-west.

Source: Historic England

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