Ancient Monuments

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Two stone hut circles 1000m north of Standon Down

A Scheduled Monument in Peter Tavy, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.625 / 50°37'29"N

Longitude: -4.0451 / 4°2'42"W

OS Eastings: 255442.891195

OS Northings: 82582.813879

OS Grid: SX554825

Mapcode National: GBR Q0.B4S6

Mapcode Global: FRA 27DF.5Y8

Entry Name: Two stone hut circles 1000m north of Standon Down

Scheduled Date: 4 November 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011229

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22314

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Peter Tavy

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Details

This monument includes two stone hut circles aligned east-west and situated on
a north-west facing slope overlooking Tavy Cleave. The huts are terraced into
the hillside, are composed of stone and earth banks surrounding a circular
internal area and have south-west facing doorways. The interior of the western
hut measures 2m in diameter and the wall stands 2m wide and 0.6m high. The
eastern hut measures 4.2m in diameter and is defined by a wall 1.4m wide and
0.3m high. A boundary bank measuring 1m wide and 0.15m high leads south-south-
west from this hut. This bank survives as an earthwork only within the
immediate vicinity of the huts and as a buried feature elsewhere. The extent
of the attached field system or enclosure is not known because of the
considerable peat deposits surrounding the monument.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The two stone hut circles 1000m north of Standon Down survive comparatively
well and lie within a large expanse of blanket peat which contains important
environmental information. Archaeological structures, features and deposits
will provide a valuable insight into the economy of the site's inhabitants and
the landscape in which they lived.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991), 98
Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX58SE38,
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard,
National Archaeological Record, SX58SE21,

Source: Historic England

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