Ancient Monuments

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Stone hut circle 310m north of Hart Tor forming part of an unenclosed stone hut circle settlement

A Scheduled Monument in Dartmoor Forest, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5334 / 50°32'0"N

Longitude: -4.0038 / 4°0'13"W

OS Eastings: 258085.648673

OS Northings: 72316.79509

OS Grid: SX580723

Mapcode National: GBR Q2.WWXM

Mapcode Global: FRA 27HN.B0Q

Entry Name: Stone hut circle 310m north of Hart Tor forming part of an unenclosed stone hut circle settlement

Scheduled Date: 1 June 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011176

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22305

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Dartmoor Forest

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Details

This monument includes a stone hut circle lying on a west-facing slope
overlooking the valley of the River Meavy and forming part of a large
unenclosed stone hut circle settlement situated between Devil's Bridge and
Hart Tor. The hut is terraced into the hillside and is composed of a stone
and earth wall surrounding a circular internal area. The interior of the
building measures 6.5m in diameter and the 1.3m wide wall stands up to 0.4m
high. A gap in the southern length of the wall represents a doorway.
It is possible that this hut was partially excavated by the Dartmoor
Exploration Committee in 1895.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The unenclosed stone hut circle settlement between Hart Tor and Devil's Bridge
survives comparatively well and, despite partial excavation, important and
informative archaeological structures, features and deposits still survive.
Such evidence will provide a valuable insight into the economy of the site's
inhabitants and the landscape in which they lived.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Baring-Gould, S, 'Devonshire Association Transactions' in Third Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee, , Vol. 28, (1896), 189-191
Other
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard,
National Archaeological Record, Sx57SE20,

Source: Historic England

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