Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn 900m north-west of Grottington Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Wall, Northumberland

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Latitude: 55.0294 / 55°1'45"N

Longitude: -2.049 / 2°2'56"W

OS Eastings: 396965.408586

OS Northings: 570541.307729

OS Grid: NY969705

Mapcode National: GBR GB48.6X

Mapcode Global: WHB20.HVJ8

Entry Name: Round cairn 900m north-west of Grottington Farm

Scheduled Date: 21 February 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011098

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20995

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Wall

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: St Oswald-in-Lee with Bingfield

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle


The monument includes a round cairn of Bronze Age date situated on level
ground near the edge of Redhouse Crag. The cairn, which is composed of stone
and earth is roughly oval in shape and measures 12m east-west by 8m
north-south. The mound is 0.6m high. At the centre of the cairn there is a
hollow, the result of partial excavation in the 19th century.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Although the round cairn has been subject to partial exavation in the past,
the extent of disturbance is limited and archaeological deposits survive. The
monument wil contribute to any study of the nature and extent of Bronze Age
settlement in the area.

Source: Historic England



Source: Historic England

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