Ancient Monuments

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End Low bowl barrow

A Scheduled Monument in Hartington Nether Quarter, Derbyshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.142 / 53°8'31"N

Longitude: -1.7682 / 1°46'5"W

OS Eastings: 415604.221927

OS Northings: 360561.708355

OS Grid: SK156605

Mapcode National: GBR 479.3S7

Mapcode Global: WHCDK.T964

Entry Name: End Low bowl barrow

Scheduled Date: 28 February 1963

Last Amended: 13 July 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010998

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13313

County: Derbyshire

Civil Parish: Hartington Nether Quarter

Traditional County: Derbyshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Derbyshire

Church of England Parish: Hartington St Giles

Church of England Diocese: Derby

Details

End Low bowl barrow is a roughly circular cairn in a hilltop location in the
western upland ridges of the limestone plateau of Derbyshire. The monument
includes a mound measuring 22m by 19.5m and standing c.2m high. This was
partially excavated by Bateman in 1843 and 1848 and found to contain a
rock-cut grave containing a skeleton with a bronze dagger and flint knife
indicating a Bronze Age date for the barrow. Higher in the barrow on its south
side a child inhumation and a cremation were also found while, scattered
throughout the excavated areas, were further human bones. A previous
unrecorded excavation carried out in the eighteenth century had also found
ashes and burnt bone indicating another cremation.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Although partially disturbed by stone-robbing and excavation, End Low bowl
barrow is still a well preserved example containing further significant
archaeological remains.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, T, Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire, (1849), 36/7,45
Bateman, T, Ten Years Diggings in Celtic and Saxon Grave-Hills, (1861), 38-40
Bray, W, Sketch of a Tour into Derbyshire and Yorkshire, (1783), 242
Marsden, B M, The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire , (1977), 50

Source: Historic England

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