Ancient Monuments

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Moated site and associated remains, west of Hooks Green Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Clothall, Hertfordshire

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Latitude: 51.9673 / 51°58'2"N

Longitude: -0.1509 / 0°9'3"W

OS Eastings: 527127.261092

OS Northings: 231485.499391

OS Grid: TL271314

Mapcode National: GBR J75.QMZ

Mapcode Global: VHGNN.BTK7

Entry Name: Moated site and associated remains, west of Hooks Green Farm

Scheduled Date: 11 March 1977

Last Amended: 11 April 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010912

English Heritage Legacy ID: 11517

County: Hertfordshire

Civil Parish: Clothall

Traditional County: Hertfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hertfordshire

Church of England Parish: Clothall

Church of England Diocese: St.Albans


The monument includes a trapezoidal moated site and associated
earthworks near the crest of Hickmans Hill, Clothall. The moat is
aligned east-west with a single causeway facing south. The site has
maximum external dimensions of about 90m and tapers to 60m on the
western side. The moat is up to 5m wide and 1.5m deep and although not
water filled shows signs of dampness. There is also a dry feeder
channel 18m long connecting with a fishpond on the north-west corner of
the moat. The moat is surrounded by an outer bank on all but the
southern side. Opposite the entrance on the north-western side of the
island is an area of uneven ground which marks structural evidence for
earlier buildings. A low terrace platform about 8m wide extends along
the eastern side of the moat. In the field east of the moat are a
series of features including a linear earthwork 0.5m high and 6m wide.
There are also a number of ditches crossing the field which form an
integral part of the water management complex.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moat has a particular significance through its close association
with the contemporary deserted medieval settlement at nearby Clothall.
Extensive related remains of buildings around the moat as well as
horticultural earthworks and ditches indicate that settlement at this
site developed in importance through time.

Source: Historic England


Title: RCHM Survey
Source Date: 1910

Source: Historic England

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