Ancient Monuments

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Three bowl barrows 300m ESE of Middle Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Shrewton, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1979 / 51°11'52"N

Longitude: -1.8711 / 1°52'16"W

OS Eastings: 409100.369147

OS Northings: 144304.922454

OS Grid: SU091443

Mapcode National: GBR 3Y8.V1L

Mapcode Global: VHB59.J551

Entry Name: Three bowl barrows 300m ESE of Middle Farm

Scheduled Date: 22 March 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010888

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10454

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Shrewton

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Salisbury Plain

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes three bowl barrows located 300m ESE of Middle Farm and
situated on a broad plateau which declines gradually south west to the valley
of the River Till. Two of the barrow mounds are levelled and are now difficult
to define on the ground. The mounds are surrounded by ditches from which
material was quarried during their construction. These have become infilled
over the years but survive as buried features and are visible on aerial
photographs from which the overall diameters are calculated to be c.36m and
c.30m respectively. The mound of the third barrow, the most easterly of the
three, survives as a slight earthwork c.0.5m high and 15m in diameter. Partial
excavation in 1959 revealed that this barrow was constructed with a
surrounding quarry ditch 1.5m wide and an outer bank 3m wide giving the barrow
an overall diameter of 24m. A cremation contained in a small pit cut into the
underlying chalk was also found.
All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath these
features is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for
ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods.
Two of the best known and earliest recognised areas are around Avebury and
Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site.
The area of chalk downland which surrounds Stonehenge contains one of the
densest and most varied groups of Neolithic and Bronze Age field monuments in
Britain. Included within the area are Stonehenge itself, the Stonehenge
cursus, the Durrington Walls henge, and a variety of burial monuments, many
grouped into cemeteries.
The area has been the subject of archaeological research since the 18th
century when Stukeley recorded many of the monuments and partially excavated a
number of the burial mounds. More recently, the collection of artefacts from
the surfaces of ploughed fields has supplemented the evidence for ritual and
burial by revealing the intensity of contemporary settlement and land-use.
In view of the importance of the area, all ceremonial and sepulchral monuments
of this period which retain significant archaeological remains are identified
as nationally important. Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round
barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the
Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, normally ditched, which
covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped
as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a variety of burial practices. There are over
10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally and at least 320 in the
Stonehenge area. This group of monuments will provide important information
on the development of this area during the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age
periods.

Despite two of the barrows having been levelled by cultivation, partial
excavation has shown that the three bowl barrows 300m ESE of Middle Farm will
contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the
monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 224
Green, C, Rollo-Smith, S, 'Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society' in The Excavation of Eighteen Round Barrows near Shrewton, Wilts, , Vol. 50, (1984), 255-318
Other

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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