Ancient Monuments

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Two bowl barrows 700m south of Springbottom Farm buildings

A Scheduled Monument in Wilsford cum Lake, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.153 / 51°9'10"N

Longitude: -1.8252 / 1°49'30"W

OS Eastings: 412321.28224

OS Northings: 139314.711256

OS Grid: SU123393

Mapcode National: GBR 507.MCB

Mapcode Global: VHB5J.98YZ

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows 700m south of Springbottom Farm buildings

Scheduled Date: 23 February 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010877

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10359

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Wilsford cum Lake

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Woodford Valley with Archers Gate

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes two bowl barrows, aligned north east-south west, located
700m south of Springbottom Farm buildings and situated on a gentle east facing
slope on Lake Down. The mound of the barrow to the north east is 0.8m high and
14m in diameter. The mound of the barrow to the south west is visible as a
slight earthwork 0.5m high and 10m in diameter. Both mounds are surrounded by
ditches from which material was quarried during their construction. These have
become infilled over the years but survive as buried features c.1.5m wide in
the case of the north east barrow and c.1m wide in the case of the south
west barrow, giving the barrows overall diameters of c.17m and c.12m
respectively.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for
ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods.
Two of the best known and earliest recognised areas are around Avebury and
Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site.
The area of chalk downland which surrounds Stonehenge contains one of the
densest and most varied groups of Neolithic and Bronze Age field monuments in
Britain. Included within the area are Stonehenge itself, the Stonehenge
cursus, the Durrington Walls henge, and a variety of burial monuments, many
grouped into cemeteries.
The area has been the subject of archaeological research since the 18th
century when Stukeley recorded many of the monuments and partially excavated a
number of the burial mounds. More recently, the collection of artefacts from
the surfaces of ploughed fields has supplemented the evidence for ritual and
burial by revealing the intensity of contemporary settlement and land-use.
In view of the importance of the area, all ceremonial and sepulchral monuments
of this period which retain significant archaeological remains are identified
as nationally important. Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round
barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the
Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, normally ditched, which
covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped
as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a variety of burial practices. There are over
10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally and at least 320 in the
Stonehenge area. This group of monuments will provide important information
on the development of this area during the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age
periods.

The two bowl barrows 700m south of Springbottom Farm buildings survive
comparatively well and will contain archaeological remains and environmental
evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was
constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 199
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 199

Source: Historic England

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