Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 300m east of Batts Coombe Quarry

A Scheduled Monument in Cheddar, Somerset

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Latitude: 51.293 / 51°17'34"N

Longitude: -2.767 / 2°46'1"W

OS Eastings: 346611.711822

OS Northings: 155154.363502

OS Grid: ST466551

Mapcode National: GBR JH.YW40

Mapcode Global: VH89B.0R1N

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 300m east of Batts Coombe Quarry

Scheduled Date: 7 January 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010800

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13802

County: Somerset

Civil Parish: Cheddar

Traditional County: Somerset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Somerset


The monument includes a bowl barrow, set above a scarp slope 300m east of
Batts Coombe Quarry, overlooking the Cheddar Gorge. It comprises a mound 14m
in diameter and c.1m high at its highest point. A ditch, from which material
was quarried during construction of the monument, surrounds the barrow mound.
This has become partly infilled over the years but is visible to the east of
the mound as a slight depression 2m wide and survives as a buried feature
elsewhere. The monument is the northernmost of three surviving of an
original group of five forming a linear barrow cemetery aligned on a
north-south axis.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow 300m east of Batts Coombe Quarry survives well and has
potential for the recovery of archaeological and environmental evidence
relating both to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.
The importance of the monument is enhanced by its location in an area which
exhibits a concentration of contemporary burial monuments, thus giving an
indication of the nature and scale of human occupation during the Bronze Age

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Grinsell, L, 'Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeology and Natural Hist Soc' in Somerset Barrows Part II, , Vol. Vol 115, (1971), 97

Source: Historic England

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