Ancient Monuments

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North easternmost cairn forming part of a cairnfield on Homerton Hill

A Scheduled Monument in Sourton, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.6967 / 50°41'48"N

Longitude: -4.0365 / 4°2'11"W

OS Eastings: 256268.076229

OS Northings: 90541.450094

OS Grid: SX562905

Mapcode National: GBR Q1.CF0F

Mapcode Global: FRA 27F7.H8B

Entry Name: North easternmost cairn forming part of a cairnfield on Homerton Hill

Scheduled Date: 1 March 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010780

English Heritage Legacy ID: 24156

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Sourton

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Okehampton All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

This monument includes a cairn forming an outlying part of a cairnfield
situated on a gentle north west facing slope of Homerton Hill overlooking the
valley of the West Okement River. Other cairns, an enclosure and bank lie in
the immediate vicinity and these are covered by separate schedulings.
The cairn measures 4.3m in diameter and stands up to 0.3m high. This cairn
may contain burials, but the mound does form part of a group which most likely
represents stone clearance connected with cultivation of the area.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later
industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the
pattern of land use through time. Cairnfields are concentrations of three or
more cairns sited within close proximity to one another; they may consist of
burial cairns or cairns built with stone cleared from the land surface
(clearance cairns). Round funerary cairns were constructed during the Bronze
Age (c.2000-700 BC) and consisted of earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes
ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major visual element in the modern landscape. The
considerable variation in the size of cairnfields and their longevity as a
monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and
social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The cairnfield on Homerton Hill survives well and contains archaeological and
environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it
was constructed. It provides a valuable insight into Bronze Age agricultural
and funerary activity on the western side of the Moor.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX59SE58, (1982)
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard,

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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