Ancient Monuments

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Moated site at New Parks, Leicester

A Scheduled Monument in Western, Leicester

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Latitude: 52.6479 / 52°38'52"N

Longitude: -1.1843 / 1°11'3"W

OS Eastings: 455285.43157

OS Northings: 305888.349824

OS Grid: SK552058

Mapcode National: GBR F3D.MN

Mapcode Global: WHDJ9.SP7W

Entry Name: Moated site at New Parks, Leicester

Scheduled Date: 27 March 1949

Last Amended: 18 February 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010664

English Heritage Legacy ID: 17027

County: Leicester

Electoral Ward/Division: Western

Built-Up Area: Leicester

Traditional County: Leicestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Leicestershire

Church of England Parish: Leicester St Aidan

Church of England Diocese: Leicester


The moated site, known locally as `Birds Nest Lodge', is situated on the New
Parks housing estate on the west side of Leicester.
The rectangular moat, measuring 100 x 80m, was largely filled in in the
1940's. The moat survives as a very shallow ditch on the northern arm, 10m
wide and less than 0.5m deep, and a crop mark for the remaining arms. The
island has an uneven surface marking the foundations of a lodge known from
documents to have occupied the site. Fifteen metres to the east of the moat,
earthwork banks of about 0.5m high and 30m long represent a fishpond
associated with the moated area.
The site at Birds Nest was a lodge of Leicester Forest, later to become the
`New Parks' in the 16th century. First mention of the lodge is in 1362.
Shortly after this it was rebuilt with a moat in 1378. A 1526 reference
records scouring the moat, and the construction of a drawbridge. In the same
century, there is also a detailed description of the lodge building.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

New Parks is the only well-documented example of its kind known to survive in
Leicestershire. Evidence of a substantial building is contained within the
island and, although largely infilled, the moat arms and the fishpond retain
potential for the preservation of organic remains.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Hartley, R F, The Medieval Earthworks of Central Leicestershire, (1989), 49-52
Liddle, P, Leicestershire Archaeology: The Present State of Knowledge, (1982), 36-7

Source: Historic England

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