Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 425m SSE of Finger Post Plantation: part of Great Bircham barrow group

A Scheduled Monument in Bircham, Norfolk

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.8473 / 52°50'50"N

Longitude: 0.6345 / 0°38'4"E

OS Eastings: 577511.783437

OS Northings: 331010.667482

OS Grid: TF775310

Mapcode National: GBR Q5J.K73

Mapcode Global: WHKPW.QPCJ

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 425m SSE of Finger Post Plantation: part of Great Bircham barrow group

Scheduled Date: 12 April 1926

Last Amended: 27 January 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010564

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21351

County: Norfolk

Civil Parish: Bircham

Built-Up Area: Great Bircham

Traditional County: Norfolk

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Norfolk

Church of England Parish: The Birchams and Bagthorpe

Church of England Diocese: Norwich

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow which is the middle one of three round
barrows aligned north west-south east above a slight north east facing
slope. They stand on what was once heathland in the Good Sands region of
upland north west Norfolk. The barrow is visible as an earthen mound c.1.7m
high and covering a circular area c.30m in diameter. Records of the barrow as
it appeared in the 1930s indicate that the mound is encircled by a ditch,
which at that time was marked by a hollow up to 3.5m wide and 0.3m deep in the
ground surface. The ditch, from which earth was dug and used in the
construction of the barrow, has now become completely infilled, but will
survive as a buried feature. The barrow mound was investigated during limited
excavations on the barrow group in 1842.
The posts of a fence set around the foot of the mound are excluded from the
scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The bowl barrow 425m SSE of Finger Post Plantation survives well. The
antiquarian investigation of the mound was limited in extent, and
archaeological information concerning the construction of the barrow and the
manner and duration of its use, as well as evidence for the local environment
at that time, will be contained in the barrow mound, in the soils buried
beneath the mound and in the fill of the buried ditch. The monument and the
information it retains have additional interest and importance in relation to
the two adjacent round barrows to north and south of it, and to another, 470m
to the north, which forms part of the same group.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, LV, The Ancient Burial Mounds of England, (1956)
Lukis, F C, A Brief Account of the Barrows near Bircham Magna, Norfolk, (1843)
Other
Bamford, H M, (1993)

Source: Historic England

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