Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow on West Rudham Common, 1250m east of the Grange

A Scheduled Monument in West Rudham, Norfolk

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Latitude: 52.7972 / 52°47'49"N

Longitude: 0.718 / 0°43'4"E

OS Eastings: 583345.9459

OS Northings: 325645.689839

OS Grid: TF833256

Mapcode National: GBR Q67.NC6

Mapcode Global: WHKQ4.0Y6G

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on West Rudham Common, 1250m east of the Grange

Scheduled Date: 26 August 1976

Last Amended: 27 January 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010561

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21347

County: Norfolk

Civil Parish: West Rudham

Traditional County: Norfolk

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Norfolk

Church of England Parish: East with West Rudham

Church of England Diocese: Norwich


The monument includes a bowl barrow which is one of a group of three located
close to the eastern boundary of West Rudham parish. The barrow stands above
a gentle, south west facing slope and is visible as a flat-topped earthen
mound up c.0.9m in height and covering a circular area c.32m in diameter. It
is thought that the mound is encircled by a ditch as are the other two
barrows of the group, lying c.90m to the north east. This has become infilled
and is no longer visible on the ground surface, but will survive as a buried

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow 1250m east of the Grange survives well and archaeological
information concerning its construction and the manner and duration of its
use, as well as evidence for the local environment at that time, will be
contained in the mound and in soils buried beneath the mound. The monument has
additional interest and importance as one of a group, including not only the
two adjacent bowl barrows and another c.550m to the south, but other surviving
Bronze Age and Neolithic barrows more widely dispersed to the south west, over
a distance of c.2.6km. As a group, these barrows provide evidence for the
character and development of the prehistoric population of the area.

Source: Historic England


3626: West Norfolk, West Rudham,

Source: Historic England

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