Ancient Monuments

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Circular cropmark at Ferriers Farm, 190m south-west of Hill Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Bures Hamlet, Essex

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Latitude: 51.9758 / 51°58'32"N

Longitude: 0.7593 / 0°45'33"E

OS Eastings: 589612.118448

OS Northings: 234410.578138

OS Grid: TL896344

Mapcode National: GBR RKP.0SN

Mapcode Global: VHKFJ.3LRQ

Entry Name: Circular cropmark at Ferriers Farm, 190m south-west of Hill Farm

Scheduled Date: 10 February 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010501

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20677

County: Essex

Civil Parish: Bures Hamlet

Traditional County: Essex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Essex

Church of England Parish: Bures St Mary

Church of England Diocese: St.Edmundsbury and Ipswich


The monument is situated on the crest of a south-east facing hill sloping
down to the River Stour 190m south-west of Hill Farm. The monument comprises
a circular cropmark 26.5m in diameter with a ditch c.3m wide and an entrance
c.4.5m in width to the south-east. Although the ditch is not visible at
ground level, it is clearly visible as a cropmark and on aerial photographs.
The site was partially disturbed in December 1991 when three trenches were cut
into the monument. The ditch, however, was not disturbed and a few sherds of
Late Bronze Age pottery were recovered. The site is considered to have been a
Springfield Lyons type settlement site from the Late Bronze Age.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Springfield style enclosures are roughly circular hilltop or spur enclosures
originally bounded by a defensive circuit of ramparts and ditches and
dating to the Middle and Later Bronze Age. They are generally characterized
by a single ditch and a simple internal bank or box rampart. They are
relatively small in scale, all being under 1 hectare in size. The interior of
the enclosures contain archaeological remains including postholes, pits and
burials. Evidence from excavated sites suggests that the life span of the
enclosures may have been characterized by more than one phase of use but that
the occupation period was continuous. They were therefore used over a period
of 200-300 years during the 10th to 8th centuries BC. Springfield enclosures
are rare and restricted in their distribution to eastern England with
excavated examples in Kent, Essex, and Sussex. The majority have been
ploughed flat with only the below ground remains surviving.
Despite partial disturbance in the form of three trenches, the below ground
remains at Ferriers Farm are well-preserved and the site will retain
archaeological and environmental information relating to the occupation of the
site during the Late Bronze Age and to the landscape in which its inhabitants

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Information from Essex County Council
SMR No. 9399, Information from SMR (9399),

Source: Historic England

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