Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Crane Field round barrow

A Scheduled Monument in Otterburn, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.0091 / 54°0'32"N

Longitude: -2.1805 / 2°10'49"W

OS Eastings: 388267.963704

OS Northings: 457028.486055

OS Grid: SD882570

Mapcode National: GBR FQ62.QL

Mapcode Global: WHB6Z.GHWC

Entry Name: Crane Field round barrow

Scheduled Date: 24 January 1974

Last Amended: 21 February 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010448

English Heritage Legacy ID: 24497

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Otterburn

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Kirkby-in-Malhamdale St Michael the Archangel

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

Details

The monument is situated in low lying, wet and clayey pastureland. It is
built on an island of firmer ground and has the appearance of a flattened disc
surrounded by a very shallow ditch. The mound has a diameter of 7.5m and is
surrounded by a ditch 2m wide. This has a depth of 0.15m on the west side but
is barely defined on the east side.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The barrow is a well preserved example of this monument type.

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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