Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Bowl barrow 280m north of Downs Barn

A Scheduled Monument in Wanborough, Swindon

We don't have any photos of this monument yet. Why don't you be the first to send us one?

Upload Photo »

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.


Latitude: 51.5291 / 51°31'44"N

Longitude: -1.6389 / 1°38'20"W

OS Eastings: 425142.787498

OS Northings: 181190.317

OS Grid: SU251811

Mapcode National: GBR 5XC.0GQ

Mapcode Global: VHC14.JTXP

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 280m north of Downs Barn

Scheduled Date: 9 October 1981

Last Amended: 13 January 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010419

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12329

County: Swindon

Civil Parish: Wanborough

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Bishopstone with Hinton Parva

Church of England Diocese: Bristol


The monument includes a bowl barrow set on a gentle west-facing slope in an
area of undulating chalk downland. The barrow mound is 27m in diameter and
stands 2m high. Although no longer visible at ground level a ditch, from
which material was quarried during construction of the monument, surrounds the
mound. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried
feature c.3m wide.
The site has been partially excavated, finds including a cremation burial
underneath the broken leg bone of a pig and a piece of iron pyrites.
The post-and-wire fence which runs across the site is excluded from the
scheduling but the ground beneath it is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite partial excavation of the barrow mound, the Downs Barn bowl barrow
survives comparatively well and, as one of a pair in close proximity, has
potential for the recovery of archaeological remains and environmental
evidence relating to the nature of Bronze Age communities in this area and the
landscape in which they lived.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
'Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine' in Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine, , Vol. 49, (1958)

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself. is a Good Stuff website.