Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 700m south-west of Keysley Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Kingston Deverill, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1107 / 51°6'38"N

Longitude: -2.202 / 2°12'7"W

OS Eastings: 385956.171888

OS Northings: 134615.845267

OS Grid: ST859346

Mapcode National: GBR 1WB.83W

Mapcode Global: VH981.SB8X

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 700m south-west of Keysley Farm

Scheduled Date: 23 March 1927

Last Amended: 10 February 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010406

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12302

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Kingston Deverill

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: The Deverills and Horningsham

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow set on steeply sloping ground above the
floor of a dry valley in an area of undulating chalk downland. The barrow
mound is 16m in diameter and stands to a height of 1.5m. Surrounding the
mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during construction of the
monument. This has been partly infilled over the years but survives as low
earthwork 3m wide and 0.2m deep on the downhill side of the monument and as a
buried feature elsewhere.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The bowl barrow 700m SW of Keysley Farm is important as it survives
particularly well and has potential for the recovery of archaeological remains
as well as environmental evidence relating to the period in which the monument
was constructed. The significance of the site is enhanced by the fact that
numerous other round barrows survive in the area as well as additional
evidence for contemporary settlement. Such evidence provides a clear
indication of the extent to which the area was settled during the Bronze Age
period.

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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