Ancient Monuments

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Round cairn on Calf Ridge, 800m east of The Shooting Box

A Scheduled Monument in Church Stretton, Shropshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.5533 / 52°33'11"N

Longitude: -2.8436 / 2°50'36"W

OS Eastings: 342898.345378

OS Northings: 295387.813984

OS Grid: SO428953

Mapcode National: GBR BD.DBLV

Mapcode Global: VH75T.N2KY

Entry Name: Round cairn on Calf Ridge, 800m east of The Shooting Box

Scheduled Date: 13 February 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010321

English Heritage Legacy ID: 19169

County: Shropshire

Civil Parish: Church Stretton

Traditional County: Shropshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Shropshire

Church of England Parish: Church Stretton

Church of England Diocese: Hereford

Details

The monument includes a round cairn situated on the rounded summit of Calf
Ridge, an exposed hilltop visible from all directions. The cairn survives as a
stony mound 16m in diameter and standing up to 0.9m high. Where the turf cover
is eroded and the fabric of the mound is exposed, it shows an earth and stone
construction with individual stones averaging 0.2m in size. Although no longer
visible as a surface feature, a surrounding ditch from which material for the
construction of the cairn would have been quarried, will survive as a buried
feature with an estimated width of 2m.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

The round cairn on the summit of Calf Ridge survives well and is a good
example of the class. It will retain archaeological evidence relating to the
construction of the cairn and its subsequent use. Environmental evidence
relating to the landscape in which the monument was constructed will be
preserved beneath the mound and in the ditch fill. It is one of several
monuments of a similar age in the area and so contributes valuable information
relating to the settlement pattern, nature of land use, burial practices and
social stucture of the prehistoric community occupying this area of upland
during the Bronze Age.

Source: Historic England

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