Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow on Hergan Hill, 530m north west of Myndtown

A Scheduled Monument in Mainstone, Shropshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.4584 / 52°27'30"N

Longitude: -3.0913 / 3°5'28"W

OS Eastings: 325942.785679

OS Northings: 285052.735977

OS Grid: SO259850

Mapcode National: GBR B2.L9KQ

Mapcode Global: VH762.CGLR

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Hergan Hill, 530m north west of Myndtown

Scheduled Date: 4 February 1937

Last Amended: 17 January 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010316

English Heritage Legacy ID: 19164

County: Shropshire

Civil Parish: Mainstone

Traditional County: Shropshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Shropshire

Church of England Parish: Newcastle

Church of England Diocese: Hereford

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated above a west-facing slope, on a
false crest below the summit of Hergan Hill. The barrow mound is well defined
with dimensions of 22m south west to north east by 16m transversely and stands
to a height of 1.7m. The barrow is crossed in its north west quadrant by a
hedge bank and to the north of this the barrow has been reduced by past
ploughing to a low mound 0.2m high. Although no longer visible as a surface
feature, a ditch 2m wide, from which the material would have been quarried for
the construction of the barrow, surrounds the mound.
The section of hedge bank, hedge and fence crossing the barrow are excluded
from the scheduling though the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite being reduced by ploughing in its northern quarter the bowl barrow on
Hergan Hill is a good example of its class. It will contain archaeological
evidence relating to the construction of the barrow and its subsequent use.
Environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which it was constructed
will be preserved sealed beneath the mound and in the ditch fill. It is one of
a group of similar monuments occurring in this vicinity and so contributes
valuable information relating to the land use, social structure and burial
practices of the prehistoric community occupying this area of landscape during
the Bronze Age.

Source: Historic England

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