Ancient Monuments

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Enclosure on Summer Down

A Scheduled Monument in Tilshead, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.2543 / 51°15'15"N

Longitude: -1.9148 / 1°54'53"W

OS Eastings: 406040.314049

OS Northings: 150569.977561

OS Grid: SU060505

Mapcode National: GBR 3XM.8QJ

Mapcode Global: VHB4W.RQKV

Entry Name: Enclosure on Summer Down

Scheduled Date: 8 January 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010261

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10025

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Tilshead

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Easterton St Barnabas

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

A rhomboidal enclosure with sides 28m long and an entrance in the north-east.
The earthwork consists of a bank 2m wide and an outer ditch 2.6m wide. It is
thought to be a pastoral enclosure.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The most complete and extensive survival of chalk downland archaeological
remains in central southern England occurs on Salisbury Plain, particularly in
those areas lying within the Salisbury Plain Training Area. These remains
represent one of the few extant archaeological "landscapes" in Britain and are
considered to be of special significance because they differ in character from
those in other areas with comparable levels of preservation. Individual sites
on Salisbury Plain are seen as being additionally important because the
evidence of their direct association with each other survives so well.
Enclosures provide important evidence of land use and agricultural practices
in the prehistoric/Romano-British period. The enclosures in the Salisbury
Plain Training Area belong to one of the most important and best preserved
fossil landscapes in southern Britain. The presence of these remains and their
relationship with extensive field systems and settlement complexes are of
critical importance to understanding the character and development of downland
agriculture.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Trust for Wessex Archaeology, (1987)
Wiltshire Library & Museum Service, (1987)

Source: Historic England

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