Ancient Monuments

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Castle Hill ringwork, Weedon Lois

A Scheduled Monument in Weston and Weedon, Northamptonshire

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Latitude: 52.1182 / 52°7'5"N

Longitude: -1.1216 / 1°7'17"W

OS Eastings: 460238.717395

OS Northings: 247014.675113

OS Grid: SP602470

Mapcode National: GBR 8TV.57J

Mapcode Global: VHCW5.H1W1

Entry Name: Castle Hill ringwork, Weedon Lois

Scheduled Date: 16 June 1969

Last Amended: 6 April 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010252

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13663

County: Northamptonshire

Civil Parish: Weston and Weedon

Built-Up Area: Weedon Lois

Traditional County: Northamptonshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northamptonshire

Church of England Parish: Lois Weedon St Mary and St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Peterborough


Castle Hill ringwork at Weedon Lois lies in the centre of the village,
adjacent to the village green and to the east of the parish church of St Peter
and St Mary.
The ringwork has a sub-rectangular bank approximately 3m to 4m high which
surrounds a central area about 23m across. The interior of the mound is
higher than the surrounding land and in places, particularly on the south of
the site where there has been a little disturbance, the bank is level with the
interior. There is a slight impression of a ditch up to 5m wide on the east
and north east of the ringwork, within the area of the village green. On the
west and south of the ringwork the line of the ditch is indicated by the
modern sunken roadway.
This ringwork is considered to have been constructed as a defensive earthwork
by Ghilo of Picquigni, who was recorded at the time of Domesday as holding
Weedon as the head manor of his estates. It is known too that he held part of
the estate at Sulgrave with two other persons, one of whom owned land at
Culworth. Ringworks are also preserved at both of these sites.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Ringworks are medieval fortifications built and occupied from the late
Anglo-Saxon period to the later 12th century. They comprised a small defended
area containing buildings which was surrounded or partly surrounded by a
substantial ditch and a bank surmounted by a timber palisade or, rarely, a
stone wall. Occasionally a more lightly defended embanked enclosure, the
bailey, adjoined the ringwork. Ringworks acted as strongholds for military
operations and in some cases as defended aristocratic or manorial settlements.
They are rare nationally with only 200 recorded examples and less than 60
with baileys. As such, and as one of a limited number and very restricted
range of Anglo-Saxon and Norman fortifications, ringworks are of particular
significance to our understanding of the period.

Castle Hill at Weedon Lois is one of seven surviving ringworks in
Northamptonshire and its original history and ownership are well documented.
In addition, it forms part of a distinctive cluster of ringworks with
Culworth, Sulgrave and Canons Ashby, and as such, has considerable potential
for retaining evidence concerning the relationship between this group of

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Davison, B K, 'Archaeological Journal' in Excavations at Sulgrave, Northamptonshire, 1960-76, , Vol. 134, (1977), 106

Source: Historic England

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