Ancient Monuments

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Longmans Hill long barrow

A Scheduled Monument in Pitsford, Northamptonshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.3027 / 52°18'9"N

Longitude: -0.9003 / 0°54'1"W

OS Eastings: 475079.323773

OS Northings: 267745.295156

OS Grid: SP750677

Mapcode National: GBR BVH.M5M

Mapcode Global: VHDRS.BDW2

Entry Name: Longmans Hill long barrow

Scheduled Date: 9 October 1981

Last Amended: 8 April 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010246

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13671

County: Northamptonshire

Civil Parish: Pitsford

Built-Up Area: Pitsford

Traditional County: Northamptonshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northamptonshire

Church of England Parish: Pitsford All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Peterborough

Details

The barrow known as Longman's Hill is located at the western end of Pitsford
village, just to the north of the High Street.
This long barrow consists of a rectangular mound, which measures 30m from east
to west and 11m from north to south. The barrow stands 1.5m high at the east
end and 2m high at the west end with a flat top about 3m wide. At the western
end the mound has been truncated by a modern pathway, but the major part of
the barrow mound is complete. There is no trace of the side ditches but it is
considered that the northern ditch remains buried and that the southern ditch
was damaged when the adjacent road was built in the 19th century. The
northern ditch is believed to survive to its original width of 4m while the
surviving portion of the southern ditch is 2m wide. It is recorded that a
tumulus containing Saxon burials was explored in the vicinity in the last
century, although the location of this investigation is not known with
certainty. It is possible that the Neolithic long barrow was reused for
burials in the Saxon period.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long
barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic
structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their
considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are
considered to be nationally important.

Although Longmans Hill barrow has been slightly altered and may have been
partially excavated, it retains considerable archaeological potential in the
surviving mound of the barrow and its buried ditches.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Royal Commission on Historical Monuments of England, , Archaeological Sites in Northamptonshire161-2

Source: Historic England

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