Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Enclosure and boundary earthwork west of Scraggy Copse

A Scheduled Monument in Chirton, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.2811 / 51°16'51"N

Longitude: -1.8919 / 1°53'30"W

OS Eastings: 407633.369255

OS Northings: 153551.801882

OS Grid: SU076535

Mapcode National: GBR 3X8.NHK

Mapcode Global: VHB4X.5258

Entry Name: Enclosure and boundary earthwork west of Scraggy Copse

Scheduled Date: 13 March 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010189

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10031

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Chirton

Built-Up Area: Chirton

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire


An enclosure with an associated earthwork.
1 - A possible Iron age/Romano-British defended homestead. The enclosure is D-
shaped in plan measuring 40m east/west and 50m north/south overall. The
defences comprise a bank c.7m wide and an outer ditch c.3m wide.
2 - A boundary earthwork c.60m extending from the north side of the enclosure.
The bank is on the uphill, northern side. The feature may be accentuated by
lynchet formation.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The most complete and extensive survival of chalk downland archaeological
remains in central southern England occurs on Salisbury Plain, particularly in
those areas lying within the Salisbury Plain Training Area. These remains
represent one of the few extant archaeological "landscapes" in Britain and are
considered to be of special significance because they differ in character from
those in other areas with comparable levels of preservation. Individual sites
on Salisbury Plain are seen as being additionally important because the
evidence of their direct association with each other survives so well.
Enclosures provide important evidence of land use and agricultural practices
in the prehistoric/Romano-British period. The enclosures in the Salisbury
Plain Training Area belong to one of the most important and best preserved
fossil landscapes in southern Britain. The presence of these remains and their
relationship with extensive field systems and settlement complexes are of
critical importance to understanding the character and development of downland

Boundary earthworks which include linear earthworks, so called ranch
boundaries, dykes and cross ridge dykes are particularly well preserved
in the Salisbury Plain Training Area. They provide important evidence
of prehistoric landholdings, land reorganisation and changing
agricultural practices through time.

Source: Historic England


Trust for Wessex Archaeology, (1987)
Wiltshire Library & Museum Service, (1987)

Source: Historic England

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