Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 350m north-east of White Horse Plantation

A Scheduled Monument in Cherhill, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.4276 / 51°25'39"N

Longitude: -1.9213 / 1°55'16"W

OS Eastings: 405564.24787

OS Northings: 169842.1556

OS Grid: SU055698

Mapcode National: GBR 3VH.F2H

Mapcode Global: VHB43.NC3Z

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 350m north-east of White Horse Plantation

Scheduled Date: 10 March 1925

Last Amended: 15 June 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010134

English Heritage Legacy ID: 19036

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Cherhill

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Cherhill St James the Great

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a substantial bowl barrow situated below the crest of a
north-facing slope. The barrow mound survives as a slightly oval, flat-topped
mound 30m north-east to south-west by 27m north-west to south-east. It stands
to a maximum height of 4m on its northern downslope side and 2.5m on its
southern upslope side. The summit of the mound has been disturbed and
hollowed to a depth of 0.3m by exploration at some time in the past.
Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material for the construction of
the mound was quarried. This has become largely infilled over the years but
can be traced as a very slight earthwork 5m wide and 0.1m deep around the
north and west sides of the mound, surviving around the remainder of its
length as a buried feature.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite some disturbance, the barrow 350m north-east of White Horse Plantation
survives well as a good example of this class of round barrow and will
contain primary deposits and environmental evidence from the old land surface
sealed beneath the mound and in the ditch fill. It is one of several such
monuments in this area and, as such, contributes information relating to the
intensity of settlement and the nature of land-use occuring in the area during
the Bronze Age period.

Source: Historic England

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