Ancient Monuments

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Pillow mound on Knook Down

A Scheduled Monument in Heytesbury, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.2022 / 51°12'7"N

Longitude: -2.0765 / 2°4'35"W

OS Eastings: 394752.022512

OS Northings: 144773.944748

OS Grid: ST947447

Mapcode National: GBR 2WN.HV7

Mapcode Global: VH97Q.Y1MR

Entry Name: Pillow mound on Knook Down

Scheduled Date: 6 March 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010107

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10223

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Heytesbury

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Heytesbury with Tytherington and Knook St Peter and St Paul

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

A pillow mound 22m long. It is ditched with traces of an outer bank. It is now
in rough grass surrounded by arable. Partial excavation took place in the 19th
century.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The most complete and extensive survival of chalk downland archaeological
remains in central southern England occurs on Salisbury Plain, particularly in
those areas lying within the Salisbury Plain Training Area. These remains
represent one of the few extant archaeological "landscapes" in Britain and are
considered to be of special significance because they differ in character from
those in other areas with comparable levels of preservation. Individual sites
on Salisbury Plain are seen as being additionally important because the
evidence of their direct association with each other survives so well.

Pillow mounds or rabbit warrens were an important economic resource
during medieval times for food production. They provide direct evidence
for changing land use and husbandry practices during this period.
Unlike many other examples on the Wiltshire Downland this one is
unploughed and in a good state of preservation. As such, this monument
is considered worthy of protection.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Trust for Wessex Archaeology, (1987)
Wiltshire Library & Museum Service, (1987)

Source: Historic England

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