Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Shieling, 120m west of Paddaburn Crags

A Scheduled Monument in Greystead, Northumberland

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 55.1034 / 55°6'12"N

Longitude: -2.554 / 2°33'14"W

OS Eastings: 364747.610719

OS Northings: 578921.432115

OS Grid: NY647789

Mapcode National: GBR B9LF.VC

Mapcode Global: WH907.QZZH

Entry Name: Shieling, 120m west of Paddaburn Crags

Scheduled Date: 12 December 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010036

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25120

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Greystead

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Falstone with Greystead and Thorneyburn

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle

Details

The monument includes the remains of a shieling of medieval date situated on a
narrow level terrace above a small stream on its western side. The shieling is
very well defined and is visible as the foundations of a rectangular dry stone
building measuring 6.5m north to south by 3.2m east to west. It is bounded by
walls of locally quarried stone blocks 0.5m wide and standing to a height of
0.8m at the south east corner. The northern end of the shieling is unusually
rounded and may have been constructed in this way in order to fit the narrow
shelf upon which it is constructed.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Shielings are small seasonally occupied huts which were built to provide
shelter for herdsmen who tended animals grazing summer pasture on upland or
marshland. These huts reflect a system called transhumance, whereby stock was
moved in spring from lowland pasture around the permanently occupied farms to
communal upland grazing during the warmer summer months. Settlement patterns
reflecting transhumance are known from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC)
onwards. However, the construction of herdsmen's huts in a form distinctive
from the normal dwelling houses of farms, only appears from the early medieval
period onwards (from AD 450), when the practice of transhumance is also known
from documentary sources and, notably, place-name studies. Their construction
appears to cease at the end of the 16th century. Shielings vary in size but
are commonly small and may occur singly or in groups. They have a simple sub-
rectangular or ovoid plan normally defined by drystone walling, although
occasional turf-built structures are known, and the huts are sometimes
surrounded by a ditch. Most examples have a single undivided interior but two
roomed examples are known. Some examples have adjacent ancillary structures,
such as pens, and may be associated with a midden. Some are also contained
within a small ovoid enclosure. Shielings are reasonably common in the uplands
but frequently represent the only evidence for medieval settlement and farming
practice here. Those examples which survive well and which help illustrate
medieval land use in an area are considered to be nationally important.

The shieling at Paddaburn Crags is reasonably well preserved and retains
significant archaeological deposits. It is part of a larger group of shielings
in this marginal area which taken together will add greatly to our knowledge
and understanding of the wider Border settlement and economy during this
period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Ramm, H G , Shielings and Bastles, (1970), 32
Other
NY 67 NW 08,

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.