Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Enclosure and Romano-British settlement north-west of Imber

A Scheduled Monument in Coulston, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.2444 / 51°14'39"N

Longitude: -2.068 / 2°4'4"W

OS Eastings: 395350.907002

OS Northings: 149469.512154

OS Grid: ST953494

Mapcode National: GBR 2W3.S0T

Mapcode Global: VHB4T.3ZLF

Entry Name: Enclosure and Romano-British settlement north-west of Imber

Scheduled Date: 16 March 1966

Last Amended: 4 January 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010024

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10101

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Coulston

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Edington and Imber

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


A sub-rectangular enclosure of Iron age/Romano-British date, possibly for
stock. There are remains of building platforms probably of Romano-British date
some 50m to the west. Partial excavation took place in the 19th century.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The most complete and extensive survival of chalk downland
archaeological remains in central southern England occurs on Salisbury
Plain, particularly in those areas lying within the Salisbury Plain
Training Area. These remains represent one of the few extant
archaeological "landscapes" in Britain and are considered to be of
special significance because they differ in character from those in
other areas with comparable levels of preservation. Individual sites on
Salisbury Plain are seen as being additionally important because the
evidence of their direct association with each other survives so well.

Enclosures provide important evidence of land use and agricultural
practices in the prehistoric/Romano-British period. The enclosures in
the Salisbury Plain Training Area belong to one of the most important
and best preserved fossil landscapes in southern Britain. The presence
of these remains and their relationship with extensive field systems
and settlement complexes, are of critical importance to understanding
the character and development of Downland agriculture.

Prehistoric and later period villages surviving as earthworks are rare
nationally, as are any associations with contemporary field systems or
other landholdings. The importance of the examples in the Salisbury
Plain Training Area is considerably enhanced by the demonstrable
relationship between the settlements, field systems and major boundary
earthworks which provide exceptionally complete evidence of human
reorganisation of the landscape. This makes the examples in the
Training Area worthy of national protection.

Source: Historic England


Trust for Wessex Archaeology, (1987)
Wiltshire Library & Museum Service, (1987)

Source: Historic England

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