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Bowl barrow, the north westernmost barrow of a group of six bowl barrows, forming part of a linear round barrow cemetery on Rookery Hill

A Scheduled Monument in Seaford, East Sussex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.7916 / 50°47'29"N

Longitude: 0.0782 / 0°4'41"E

OS Eastings: 546571.737893

OS Northings: 101168.590832

OS Grid: TQ465011

Mapcode National: GBR LSG.8L3

Mapcode Global: FRA C710.494

Entry Name: Bowl barrow, the north westernmost barrow of a group of six bowl barrows, forming part of a linear round barrow cemetery on Rookery Hill

Scheduled Date: 11 February 1958

Last Amended: 12 January 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009954

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25487

County: East Sussex

Civil Parish: Seaford

Built-Up Area: Rookery Hill

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Sussex

Church of England Parish: Bishopstone St Andrew

Church of England Diocese: Chichester

Details

The monument includes the north westernmost bowl barrow of a group of six
which form a north west-south east aligned, linear round barrow cemetery. It
is situated along a spur of the Sussex Downs, around 1.2km to the north of the
English Channel. The barrow has a mound 19m in diameter and c.2m high, which
has been clipped on its south western periphery by modern ploughing. A slight,
central hollow indicates that the barrow has been partially excavated some
time in the past. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material used to
construct the barrow was excavated. This has become infilled over the years,
but survives as a buried feature around 2m wide.
The modern fences which cross the monument, and the modern stile situated
towards its south eastern edge, are excluded from the scheduling although the
ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally, and
many more have already been destroyed.
Despite some disturbance caused by modern ploughing and past excavation, the
bowl barrow on Rookery Hill survives well and will contain archaeological
remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape
in which it was constructed. The prehistoric round barrow cemetery of which
the monument forms a part survives particularly well, and is one of the best
examples of this type of monument to be found on the East Sussex Downs. These
prehistoric barrows are the earliest known structures on Rookery Hill, and
their close association with later monuments, including a hlaew, or early
medieval burial mound, and nearby traces of subsequent occupation dating to
the Iron Age, the Roman and early medieval periods, provide evidence for the
continuity of burial, settlement and agriculture in this area of Downland over
a period of at least 3000 years.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
F1 PAS (Ordnance Survey surveyor), TQ 40 SE 38, ref 4, (1972)
ref. 2, Grinsell, LV, TQ 40 SE 38, (1930)

Source: Historic England

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