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Bowl barrow at the east end of Earl's Farm Down

A Scheduled Monument in Amesbury, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1791 / 51°10'44"N

Longitude: -1.7321 / 1°43'55"W

OS Eastings: 418820.024148

OS Northings: 142237.722049

OS Grid: SU188422

Mapcode National: GBR 505.0WH

Mapcode Global: VHB5C.XMNH

Entry Name: Bowl barrow at the east end of Earl's Farm Down

Scheduled Date: 3 March 1960

Last Amended: 25 February 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009865

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12199

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Amesbury

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Amesbury St Mary and St Melor

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow set on the crest of a hill with
extensive views to the south. The barrow mound is 28m in diameter and
stands to a height of 3m. Surrounding the barrow mound is a ditch 3m
across and surviving to a depth of 0.2m.
Worked flint artefacts, likely to be contemporary with the construction and
use of the barrow mound, are visible in the ploughed fields immediately
surrounding the monument.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary
monuments dating from the late Neolithic period to the late Bronze Age,
with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were
constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which
covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or
grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later
periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in
size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of
burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded
nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across
most of lowland Britain. Their ubiquity and their tendency to occupy
prominent locations makes them a major historic element in the modern
landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a
monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs
and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial
proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The Earl's Farm Down bowl barrow survives particularly well and, as
there is no evidence of formal excavation on the site, has considerable
archaeological potential. The importance of the site is further
enhanced by its incorporation within a barrow cemetery. Such cemeteries
provide valuable information on the variety of beliefs and social
organisation amongst Bronze Age communities. Individual barrows within
such cemeteries are central to their interpretation and therefore of
considerable importance.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Schofield, A J, 26 April 1990, (1990)

Source: Historic England

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