Ancient Monuments

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Stone hut circle 625m south-east of Siblyback Farm

A Scheduled Monument in St. Cleer, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5238 / 50°31'25"N

Longitude: -4.4839 / 4°29'2"W

OS Eastings: 224026.798738

OS Northings: 72276.970419

OS Grid: SX240722

Mapcode National: GBR NF.J634

Mapcode Global: FRA 17HP.2XY

Entry Name: Stone hut circle 625m south-east of Siblyback Farm

Scheduled Date: 8 April 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009836

English Heritage Legacy ID: 15080

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: St. Cleer

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Cleer

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument includes a single stone hut circle in a dispersed hut circle
settlement, near a fragmentary Prehistoric field system on the western edge of
Craddock Moor on Bodmin Moor.
The hut circle survives with a stone rubble wall, 1.5m wide and 0.4m high,
around a circular levelled internal area 7.5m in diameter. The wall is
largely turf-covered but a single edge-set facing slab, 0.6m high, is exposed
against its inner face on its north side. The wall dips at the western side,
possibly marking the site of the original entrance.
This hut circle is the southernmost of at least 27 hut circles spaced 25m to
50m apart over 6 hectares of the hillside to the north, among the remains of a
Prehistoric field system that was later disrupted by medieval and modern
cultivation. None of the Prehistoric field boundaries extend to this hut
circle.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the
best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of
prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human
exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The
well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field
systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains
provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land
use through time. Stone hut circles were the dwelling places of prehistoric
farmers on the Moor, mostly dating from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The
stone-based round houses survive as low walls or banks enclosing a circular
floor area; remains of a turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts occur
singly or in small or large groups and may occur in the open or be enclosed by
a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their
longevity of use and their relationship with other monument types provides
important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming
practices among prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative
of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

This stone hut circle on Craddock Moor has survived reasonably well and has
not been excavated. It shows no evidence for disturbance and will retain its
original sub-surface features besides the visible evidence for its wall
construction. It is situated at the edge of an extensive, broadly
contemporary, hut circle settlement and field system, demonstrating well the
farming practices and settlement organisation during the Bronze Age.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
consulted 1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1362,
consulted 4/1992, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription, SX 2472,
consulted 6/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1252.06,

Source: Historic England

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