Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Henge monument 300m north west of Cana Barn

A Scheduled Monument in Copt Hewick, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.1412 / 54°8'28"N

Longitude: -1.4496 / 1°26'58"W

OS Eastings: 436056.335555

OS Northings: 471846.310591

OS Grid: SE360718

Mapcode National: GBR LN9K.Z7

Mapcode Global: WHD90.P5XM

Entry Name: Henge monument 300m north west of Cana Barn

Scheduled Date: 23 March 1927

Last Amended: 15 February 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009790

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25579

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Copt Hewick

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Sharow with Copt Hewick and Marton-le-Moor

Church of England Diocese: Leeds


The monument includes a henge lying on undulating land in the Vale of Mowbray.
The monument comprises a subcircular enclosure defined by a bank and internal
ditch. The bank is much reduced but remains visible in places as a low
earthwork up to 45m wide. The internal ditch remains up to 10m wide and,
although it has become infilled over the years, it remains clear on aerial
photographs. Overall the monument has an external diameter of 174m. Access to
the interior was provided by two opposing entrances up to 40m wide. There are
soilmarks visible on aerial photographs indicating the presence of internal
features within the henge.
The monument is one of a series of henge monuments located in the Vale of
Mowbray. These henges are also associated with other contemporary monuments
and groups of later round barrows. The study of these monuments provides
important information about their nature and function within a wider ritual

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Henges are ritual or ceremonial centres which date to the Late Neolithic
period (2800-2000 BC). They were constructed as roughly circular or oval-
shaped enclosures comprising a flat area over 20m in diameter enclosed by a
ditch and external bank. One, two or four entrances provided access to the
interior of the monument, which may have contained a variety of features
including timber or stone circles, post or stone alignments, pits, burials or
central mounds. Finds from the ditches and interiors of henges provide
important evidence for the chronological development of the sites, the types
of activity that occurred within them and the nature of the environment in
which they were constructed. Henges occur throughout England with the
exception of south-eastern counties and the Welsh Marches. They are generally
situated on low ground, often close to springs and water-courses. Henges are
rare nationally with about 80 known examples. As one of the few types of
identified Neolithic structures and in view of their comparative rarity, all
henges are considered to be of national importance.

Although reduced by agricultural activity, this monument can still be
identified as an earthwork and details can be clearly seen on aerial
photographs. Significant information about its form and function will be
preserved within the bank and ditch. As part of a wider group of monuments in
this area this site will provide important insights into the study of a ritual
landscape in the prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Harding, A, Lee, G E, 'Henge Monuments and Related Sites in Great Britain' in Henge Monuments and Related Sites in Great Britain, , Vol. BAR 175, (1987), 304
Manby T G, The Lowlands and eastern Foothills, 1993,

Source: Historic England

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